Fowlke Surname in England 1086-1796
Fowlke Sir Name in England
1086 - 1796
Fowlke of Leicester
Fowlke of Doresetshire
Fowlke of London
Fowlke of Staffordshire
Foulk, Folk, Folkes, Folks, Fulkes, Foulkes, Foulks, Fulk,
Fulkes, Fulks, Fewkes, Foakes, Focke, Fokes, Fookes,
Fooks, Foukx, Foux, Fowke, Fowkes, Fuke,
Voak, Vokes, Volk, Volke, Volkes, Volks
•1. Source: English Surnames, p 50 (Ref 929.4 B23E)
"The Angevine dynasty gave a new impulse to some already popular names, and may be said in reality to have introduced, although not altogether unknown, several new ones. The two which owe the security of their establishment to it are ‘Geoffrey' and ‘Fulke.' The grandfather, the father, a brother, and a son of Henry II were ‘Geoffrey;' and still earlier than this ‘Geoffrey, Grisegonelle, Geoffrey Martel,' and ‘Geoffrey Barbu' had each in turn set their mark upon the same. Apart from these influences, too, the stories brought home by the Crusaders of the prowess of Godfrey, the conqueror of Jerusalem, must have had their wonted effect in a day of such martial renown. Such surnames as ‘Jeffs,' ‘Jeffries,' ‘Jefferson,' Jeffcock', ‘Jeffkins,' ‘Jephson,' and ‘Jepson' still record the share it had obtained in English esteem. ‘Fulke,' or ‘Fulque,' though there had been six so early as Domesday Book, when it came backed as it was by the fact of having given title to five Angevine rulers, got an inevitable place. Few Christian names were so common as this in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. But it was an ungainly one, difficult to pronounce and difficult to form into a patronymic. Thus, ‘Faxson' and ‘Fawson
Are the only longer forms I can find at the present existing, while the variously spelt ‘Fulkes,' ‘Foulkes,' ‘Fakes,' ‘ Faux,' ‘Fawkes,' ‘Faulks,' ‘Fowkes,' ‘Folkes,' ‘Foakes,' and doubtless sometimes ‘Fox,' serve to show how hard it was to hand it down in its original integrity. The entries in our mediaeval registers are equally varied. We light up such people as ‘Fowlke Grevill, ‘Fowke Crompton,' Fulk Paifrer,' ‘Fulke le Taverner,' ‘Foke Odell,' Raukes le Buteller, ‘ Ne Faukes,' and ‘John Faux.' As an English historic name it has given us two miscreants; the hateful favourite of John, outlawed by Henry III, and the still more sanguinary villain of James I's day, in whose dishonor we still pile up the blazing logs in the gloomy nights of November. Henry, again, or more properly speaking Harry, owes much to the Plantagenets for but three are to be found in Domesday. With its long line of monarchs, albeit it represented a curious mixture of good, bad, and indifferent qualities, that dynasty could not but stamp itself decisively on our registers."
•2. Source: English Surnames, p 50, (939.4 B23E)
"We light upon such people as ‘Fowlke Grevill', ‘Fowke Crompton', ‘Fulk Paifrer', ‘Foulke le Taverner,' ‘Foke Odell', ‘Foukes le Butller', ‘Nel Faukes', and ‘John Faux'.
•3. Source: Homes of Family Names in Great Britain, p 171
"The family of Fooks probably descend from the family of Foulkes, to whom was leased during
the 17th Century a part of the manor of Simondsbury, which passed out of their hands in 1694."
•4. Source: Homes of Family Names in Great Britain, p 486
Derbyshire: Foulke - Fowke, 7
North Wales: Foulks, 25
•5. Source: Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names, (Ref 929. 4.W77)
"Fulk (e) (m): O Ger Fulco, derivative of Folc people."
The name was particularly common among the Burgundians and was hereditary with the Courts of Anjou. It was introduced into England at the time of the Norman Conquest, but attained its greatest under the Angevins. It often appears as Fawke or Fowke and gave rise to the surnames Faux, Fawkes, Fowkes, Folkes, C .Folk(e), Fawke, Fowke are still found as Christian names in the 17th Century, but the name is now apparently except in the Grenville family, which has used it since the 16th Century.
•6. History of Angevins
Anjou first contact with England was in 1127 through marriage. The first Count of Anjou was Fulk the Red, who at the end of the 9th Century was rewarded for his services against the northmen. Fulk the good wrote poetry. Fulk the Black went to Jerusalem. When Fulks son, Geoffrey Martel, the original Angevin line ends to be continued by his daughter's marriage with Geoffrey of the House of Orbans. Their son, Fulk Rechin (known for trickery) next Count Fulk the Young.
Angevin Kings of England
Henry II 1154 - 1189 Edward I 1272 - 1307
Richard I 1189 - 1199 Edward II 1307 - 1327
John 1199 - 1216 Edward III 1327 - 1377
Henry III 1216 - 1272 Richard II 1377 - 1399
Special Thank You to Alaine Fowlke Warnick
who did the research on the meaning of the Fowlke surname in England.