Fowlke Surname in England 1086-1796

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Fowlke Sir Name in England

1086 - 1796

Fowlke of Leicester

Fowlke of Doresetshire

Fowlke of London

Fowlke of Staffordshire

 

 

Foulk, Folk, Folkes, Folks, Fulkes, Foulkes, Foulks, Fulk,

Fulkes, Fulks, Fewkes, Foakes, Focke, Fokes, Fookes,

Fooks, Foukx, Foux, Fowke, Fowkes, Fuke,

Voak, Vokes, Volk, Volke, Volkes, Volks

 

 

•1.      Source:  English Surnames, p 50 (Ref  929.4 B23E)

 

            "The Angevine dynasty  gave a new impulse to some already popular names, and may be said in reality to have introduced, although not altogether unknown, several new ones.  The two which owe the security of their establishment to it are ‘Geoffrey' and ‘Fulke.'  The grandfather, the father, a brother, and a son of Henry II were ‘Geoffrey;' and still earlier than this ‘Geoffrey, Grisegonelle, Geoffrey Martel,' and ‘Geoffrey  Barbu' had each in turn set their mark upon the same.  Apart from these influences, too, the stories brought home by the Crusaders of the prowess of Godfrey, the conqueror of Jerusalem, must have had their wonted effect in a day of such martial renown.  Such surnames as ‘Jeffs,' ‘Jeffries,' ‘Jefferson,' Jeffcock', ‘Jeffkins,' ‘Jephson,' and ‘Jepson' still record the share it had obtained in English esteem.  ‘Fulke,' or ‘Fulque,' though there had been six so early as Domesday Book, when it came backed as it was by the fact of having given title to five Angevine rulers, got an inevitable place.  Few Christian names were so common as this in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.  But it was an ungainly one, difficult to pronounce and difficult to form into a patronymic.  Thus, ‘Faxson' and ‘Fawson

 Are the only longer forms I can find at the present existing, while the variously spelt ‘Fulkes,' ‘Foulkes,' ‘Fakes,' ‘ Faux,' ‘Fawkes,' ‘Faulks,' ‘Fowkes,' ‘Folkes,' ‘Foakes,' and doubtless sometimes ‘Fox,' serve to show how hard it was to hand it down in its original integrity.  The entries in our mediaeval registers are equally varied.  We light up such people as ‘Fowlke Grevill, ‘Fowke Crompton,' Fulk Paifrer,' ‘Fulke le Taverner,' ‘Foke Odell,' Raukes le Buteller, ‘ Ne Faukes,' and ‘John Faux.'  As an English historic name it has given us two miscreants; the hateful favourite of John, outlawed by Henry III, and the still more sanguinary villain of James I's day, in whose dishonor we still pile up the blazing logs in the gloomy nights of November.  Henry, again, or more properly speaking Harry, owes much to the Plantagenets for but three are to be found in Domesday.  With its long line of monarchs, albeit it represented a curious mixture of good, bad, and indifferent qualities, that dynasty could not but stamp itself decisively on our registers."   


 

FOWLKE SURNAME

•2.      Source:  English Surnames,  p 50, (939.4 B23E)

Patronymic  Surnames

"We light upon such people as ‘Fowlke Grevill', ‘Fowke Crompton',  ‘Fulk Paifrer', ‘Foulke le Taverner,' ‘Foke Odell', ‘Foukes le Butller', ‘Nel Faukes', and ‘John Faux'.

•3.      Source:  Homes of Family Names in Great Britain, p 171

Dorsetshire:

"The family of Fooks probably descend from the family of Foulkes, to whom was leased during

the 17th Century a part of the manor of Simondsbury, which passed out of their hands in 1694."

 

•4.      Source:  Homes of Family Names in Great Britain, p 486

Derbyshire:  Foulke - Fowke,  7 

North Wales:  Foulks,  25

 

•5.      Source:  Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names, (Ref  929. 4.W77)

"Fulk (e) (m):   O Ger Fulco, derivative of Folc people."

The name was particularly common among the Burgundians and was hereditary with the Courts of Anjou.  It was introduced into England at the time of the Norman Conquest, but attained its greatest under the Angevins.  It often appears as Fawke or Fowke and gave rise to the surnames Faux, Fawkes, Fowkes, Folkes, C .Folk(e), Fawke, Fowke are still found as Christian names in the 17th Century,  but the name is now apparently except in the Grenville family, which has used it since the 16th Century.

 

•6.      History of Angevins

Anjou first contact with England was in 1127 through marriage.  The first Count of Anjou was Fulk the Red, who at the end of the 9th Century was rewarded for his services against the northmen.  Fulk the good wrote poetry.  Fulk the Black went to Jerusalem.  When Fulks son, Geoffrey Martel, the original Angevin line ends to be continued by his daughter's marriage with Geoffrey of the House of Orbans.  Their son, Fulk Rechin (known for trickery) next Count Fulk the Young.

 

Angevin Kings of England

            Henry II          1154 - 1189                            Edward I        1272 - 1307

            Richard I        1189 - 1199                            Edward II       1307 - 1327

            John               1199 - 1216                            Edward III      1327 - 1377

            Henry III         1216 - 1272                            Richard II       1377 - 1399

                                               

 

 

Special Thank You to Alaine Fowlke Warnick

who did the research on the meaning of the Fowlke surname in England.